Aim and Scope

Editorial Independence

Processing Fee Policy

Online Submission

Submission Declaration and Verification

Scientific and Initial Screening

Peer-Review Process

Ethical Considerations


Changes to Authorship

Multiple First Authors

Authors' Contribution

Conflict of Interest


Open Access Policy

Retraction Policy

Complaints and Appeals

Language and Style

Requirements for Different Types of Articles

Ethics in Publishing

Preparation of Manuscript

Title Page

Main Manuscript

Body of the manuscript



Abbreviations and Symbols

How to Submit the Revision


Privacy Statement



Aim and Scope

International Journal of School Health (IJSH) is a peer-reviewed journal that considers any original contribution improving or shedding lights on health of school-aged children and adolescents including mental and physical health, environmental health, nutrition, etc. Evidently, a significant portion of the world population, especially in the Middle East, consist of this age group. Obviously, maintaining and promoting their health is one of the major concerns of the policy makers and scientists. IJSH, which benefits from an international editorial board, is published quarterly by Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. IJSH publishes Review Articles, Research articles, Short Communications, Editorials, Commentaries, and Letters to the Editor.

Moreover, all submissions to the IJSH undergo a fair, supportive and double anonymized peer review process. We follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, issued by International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), as well as the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) code of conduct for editors.

Editorial Independence

The editor-in-chief and managing editor as well as the reviewers of International Journal of School Health are completely independent from the publisher and free to make decisions without any interference from the owners of their journals or their publisher. 

Processing Fee Policy

This journal has no article submission or peer review processing charges; however, the payment of publication fee is mandatory (for Iranian authors) for all types of manuscripts sent to the journal. 

From August 12, 2023, the publication fee in the International Journal of School Health is mandatory for each manuscript submitted from that date if it is accepted for publication. After the peer review process and if the manuscript is accepted for publication, a publication charge is requested by the journal, depending on the type of article. Please see below for the payment charges:

Article Type

Publication Charge

Original Article

Review Article

14,000,000 Rls (1,400,000 Tomans)

Brief Report/Short Communication


7,000,000 Rls (700,000 Tomans)

Editorial, Commentary, Letter to the Editor, Meeting Report

5,000,000 Rls (500,000 Tomans)


  • To follow the instructions for the above payments please click on this link. 

Please send the scan of your payment receipt as an image file (via email and uploading on the journal site). It should be noted that all deposits are non-refundable.

In addition, please note that publication charge will also be mandatory for international authors in the near future.

  • Our new scheme for a waiver of the publication fee

Following frequent requests, authors who are university students or faculty members and have highly cited article in international databases (ISI, PubMed, Scopus,…) are exempted from publication fee and they receive 100% discount.

**Fast Track system: To facilitate a speedy turn-around when a rapid decision is required, International Journal of School Health offers a review model in which selected peer reviewers may be paid to deliver high-quality and speedy peer-review reports. This is optional - if you do not wish to pay for a fast-track peer review process, just submit your paper normally as described before in the instruction for authors. If you opt for fast track review, you are guaranteed: a rapid editorial decision and peer-review comments within 10 working days after submission and payment of the fee.

Review will no guarantee a manuscript to be accepted but it makes the judging process faster than the routine review process.

Fast Track Fee for Iranian Manuscripts: 300,000 Tomans

For more information regarding the fast track fee for Iranian Manuscripts, please refer to this link.

In addition, please note that fast track fee will also be mandatory for international authors in the near future.

Online Submission

The journal accepts manuscripts only through the online submission system, easy to use and easy to track, thus the submission will be done rather faster by electronic submission.

Submission Declaration and Verification

By submitting an article, you ensure that your work has not been published previously, except in the form of a conference abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis for an academic qualification. This implies that the manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and its submission is approved by all authors and responsible authorities where the work was carried out. It is highly important that if an acceptance is offered, your work will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other languages, including electronically without the written consent of the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences as the Publisher. Authors should not submit the same manuscript, in the same or different languages, simultaneously to more than one journal (For further information please visit ICMJE Recommendation).  

Scientific and Initial Screening

IJSH staff would check the structure and content of manuscripts to ensure compliance with standard structures (based on the type of study), the journal’s scope, standard guidelines, quality, novelty, and adherence to ethical issues. In this step, articles would be screened and triaged in the shortest possible time. As a result, such screening would assist the editor in making fair final decisions on articles and ultimately improve the final quality of published articles.

At once after submission, the author will be notified of the both submission process via the email and the follow-up ID code. It is recommended to save the sent ID code for all the next correspondence regarding each article, separately.

Peer-Review Process

• All submitted manuscripts are subjected to external peer review and editorial approval.

• Articles will be sent to at least 3 independent reviewers in the related field.

International Journal of School Health uses double anonymized review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.

• Authors are usually notified within 2-3 months about the acceptability of their manuscript.

• Reviewers are selected based on their expertise within the topic area of the submission, and their purpose is to assist the authors and the journal by providing a critical review of the manuscript. To apply as a reviewer in our journal, please send your request with your resume to The editorial board of the journal will review your resume and will be in contact with you.

• After receiving the reviewers’ comments, authors are requested to send the revised article and a copy of their reply to the reviewers including the comment and explaining the replies to the questions and the changes made to the revised version. The communication regarding a specific manuscript will be done only between the journal and the designated corresponding author.

Ethical Considerations

The journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). COPE’s flowcharts and guidelines are approached in confronting any ethical misbehavior. The journal also follows the guidelines mentioned in the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals issued by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).


Each author should have participated significantly and sufficiently in the work to take responsibility for the whole content. According to the ICMJE, authorship credit should be based only on:

1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work;

2) Drafting the work or reviewing it critically for important intellectual content;

3) Final approval of the version to be published; and

4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

Conditions 1 to 4 must all be met. All who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors and their names should be included in the Title Page.

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he or she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their coauthors. All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding, the gathering of data, technical help, writing assistance, and general supervision of the research group does not warrant authorship. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged. Please guarantee that anyone stated in the Acknowledgements section has granted its clearance for permission to be listed.

Role of the Corresponding Author

The corresponding author is the individual who takes primary responsibility for communication with the journal office during the manuscript submission, peer review, and publication process. The corresponding author typically ensures that all the journal’s administrative requirements, such as providing details of authorship, ethics committee approval, and disclosures of relationships and activities, are properly completed and reported, although these duties may be delegated to one or more coauthors.

The corresponding author will check the proof edition, if the manuscript is accepted for publication, although a copy of conversations will be sent to all co-authors. The corresponding author should be also available after publication to respond to critiques of the work and cooperate with any requests from the journal for data or additional information should questions about the paper arise after publication.

Changes to Authorship

This statement concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of submitted manuscripts as described below:

During the peer-review process if any change/s in the authorship is requited, the corresponding author should send a request to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names of the submitted manuscript. The corresponding author must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) a signed IJSH Change to Authorship Form by all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. Requests that are not sent by the corresponding author will be forwarded by the Journal Managing Editor to the corresponding author, who must follow the procedure as described above. No authorship change is allowed after acceptance and publication of the manuscript. 

Multiple First Authors

Manuscripts submitted to IJSH with co-first authors, will be processed only when the following conditions are met:
a) The manuscript should be original. 

b) Authors have to decide on the order of the two first authors (e.g. alphabetically).

c) All contributing authors should qualify for authorship, and should have sufficient participation in the work. (Authorship credit should be met.)

d) The dimensions of work require several authors with different specialty, who provide the same or equal contribution(s) to the research work.

e) With regard to the corresponding Author, IJSH accepts only one corresponding author, who is responsible for all the correspondence with the journal, both before and after the publication of the manuscript.

Note: we do not accept co-last authors. 

Authors' Contribution

Authors' contribution should be stated for every manuscript submitted and should state who has contributed what to the planning, conduct, and reporting of the work described in the article. Please find more information by visiting the ICMJE recommendations. International Journal of School Health decided to publish the authors' contribution from the issue of July 2023.

Conflict of Interest

The potential for conflict of interest and bias exists when professional judgment concerning a primary interest (such as patients’ welfare or the validity of research) may be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain). Perceptions of conflict of interest are as important as actual conflicts of interest. General institutional support for an author's time on the work should be distinguished from direct overall funding of the work. An appropriate funding statement might be: “This study was funded by A; Dr. F's time on the work was supported by B.” Thus, the lead corresponding author should complete the Disclosure Form to demonstrate a commitment to transparency and helps to maintain trust in the scientific process. Financial relationships (such as employment, consultancies, stock ownership or options, honoraria, patents, and paid expert testimony) are the most easily identifiable, the ones most often judged to represent potential conflicts of interest and thus the most likely to undermine the credibility of the journal, the authors, and science itself.

Other interests may also represent or be perceived as conflicts, such as personal relationships or rivalries, academic competition, and intellectual beliefs. Authors should avoid entering in to agreements with study sponsors, both for-profit and nonprofit, that interfere with authors’ access to all of the study’s data or that interfere with their ability to analyze and interpret the data and to prepare and publish manuscripts independently when and where they choose. Policies that dictate where authors may publish their work violate this principle of academic freedom. Authors may be required to provide the journal with the agreements in confidence. Purposeful failure to report those relationships or activities specified on the journal Disclosure Form is a form of misconduct.


If a manuscript contains any previous published image or text, it is the responsibility of the author to obtain authorization from copyright holders. The author is required to obtain and submit the written original permission letters for all copyrighted material used in his/her manuscript.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Free Access Policy

This journal provides immediate free access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public and supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Retraction Policy

International Journal of School Health uses the COPE flowchart for retraction of a published article to determine whether a published article should be retracted.

Complaints and Appeals

International Journal of School Health responds promptly to complaints and ensures there is a way for dissatisfied complainants to take complaints further by sending an email to editor-in-chief of the journal. We follow the COPE's guidelines and flowcharts for handling complaints against the journal, its staff, editorial board, or publisher.

Language and Style

Contributions should be in either American or British English. The text must be clear and concise, conforming to accepted standards of English style and usage. Non-native English speakers are advised to seek professional help with the language. The editorial office reserves the right to edit the submitted manuscripts in order to comply with the Journal’s style. In any case, the authors are responsible for the published material.

Requirements for Different Types of Articles

  • Editorial:

Editorials are mostly commissioned and discuss any important issues in School Health. The title should be short and not descriptive. Between 700-900 words and up to 10 references can be stated. Only one co-author is permitted. Abstract is not required for the editorial.

  • Review article:

These articles consist of Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Scoping Reviews. Inclusion and exclusion criteria for these studies should be described clearly. The specific type of study or analysis, intervention, population, exposure, outcomes or tests should be described for each data source or article. Authors should clearly cover the following topics in the method section: search strategy and selection criteria, data extraction, quality assessment, and data analysis.


The structured abstract of a review article contains the below headings:

  • Context
  • Evidence Acquisition
  • Results
  • Conclusions

Full Text: 

The full text of a review article contains the below sections:

  • Context: It includes 1 or 2 sentences describing the clinical question or issue and its importance in clinical practice or public health.
  • Evidence Acquisition: This section describes the data sources, including the research strategies, time of the study, and other sources of the used materials, such as subsequent reference searches of retrieved articles. It explains the methods used for quality assessment and the inclusion of identified articles.
  • Results: This section addresses the major findings of the review of the clinical issue or topic in an evidence-based, objective, and balanced style, emphasizing the available highest-quality evidence.
  • Conclusions: It clearly states the conclusions to answer the posed questions, if applicable, based on the conclusions of the available evidence, and it emphasizes how clinicians should apply the current knowledge.

In a review article, the maximum number of:

    • Word counts are 4500.
    • References are 100.
    • Illustrations or table are 5.

Systematic Review or Meta-Analysis:

Authors should report systematic reviews and meta-analyses in accordance with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement.

In Systematic Review or Meta-Analysis, maximum number of references is 100 and maximum number of illustrations/Tables is 6.

For Systematic Reviews, both abstract and text of the manuscript should be subdivided into the following sequential sections:

1) Context: Provide a sentence or two explaining the importance of the review question. State the precise primary objective of the review. Indicate whether the review emphasizes factors such as cause, diagnosis, prognosis, therapy, or prevention and include information about the specific population, intervention, exposure, and tests or outcomes that are being reviewed.
2) Methods: Succinctly summarize data sources, including years searched. Include in the search the most current information possible, ideally conducting the search several months before the date of manuscript submission. Then, describe inclusion and exclusion criteria used to select studies for detailed review from among studies identified as relevant to the topic. Also, describe guidelines used for abstracting data and assessing data quality and validity (such as criteria for causal inference). State the method by which the guidelines were applied (eg, independent extraction by multiple observers).

3) Results: State the main results of the review, whether qualitative or quantitative, and outline the methods used to obtain these results. For meta-analyses, state the major outcomes that were pooled and include odds ratios or effect sizes and, if possible, sensitivity analyses. Accompany numerical results by confidence intervals, if applicable, and exact levels of statistical significance. For evaluations of screening and diagnostic tests, include sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, receiver operating characteristic curves, and predictive values. For assessments of prognosis, summarize survival characteristics and related variables. State the major identified sources of variation between studies, including differences in treatment protocols, protocols, co-interventions, confounders, outcome measures, length of follow-up, and dropout rates.
4) Conclusions: Clearly state the conclusions and their applications (clinical or otherwise), limiting interpretation to the domain of the review.

Systematic reviews are welcome. They should be critical assessments of current evidence covering a broad range of topics of concern to those working in the specific field of journal. Abstract of Systematic reviews should be structured as above. For advice on writing systematic reviews consult: The Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook

Meta-analysis of Observational Studies: A MOOSE checklist is required for meta-analysis of observational studies.

  • Original article: 

Research Articles also are called “Original Articles”, which are considered as the common types of articles. Each manuscript should clearly state an objective or hypothesis; the design of study and methodology (including study setting, research participants, inclusion and exclusion criteria, sampling and data source); data analysis and interpretations; the main results of the study, discussing the results; addressing study limitations and the conclusion. For all original articles, a structured abstract is required. Authors should include the Ethical Issues/Statement in the main manuscript under the method section.

Abstract: A structured abstract is required including these headings:

  • Background
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusions

Full Text:

For the original research, traditional sections are required including:

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments (if applicable)
  • References

In the full text of an original article, the maximum number of:

  • Word count: 3000-3500 (excluding the references, abstract, figures, and tables.
  • References are: 40
  • Illustrations or tables are 5

You can submit your manuscript using the Sample Word Template provided here.

Clinical trials: The format is similar to original articles. However, the CONSORT flow diagram should be added as a figure. RCTs should be registered at any RCT Registry approved by the WHO ( and their registration number should be mentioned in the title page and method section of the manuscript. RCTs done in Iran must be registered at

  • Brief Report: 

Brief reports are short articles (mini original articles) that present original and important preliminary findings that do not warrant publication as a full-length article but are still worthy of publication. The main text should be sub-divided into background, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion, but should be written as concisely as possible. Also, it should be noted that:

  • Brief Reports are not intended to allow publication of incomplete or preliminary findings.
  • The review process is equally rigorous as for Regular Articles.
  • Another name of this type is "Short communication".


Abstracts must not exceed 200 words and should be a single paragraph with no subheadings (non-structured abstract). 

Full text:

For the Brief Reports, the following sections are required:

  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments (if applicable)
  • References

 In the full text of a Brief Report, the maximum number of:

  • Word count: 2000-2500 (excluding the references, abstract, figures, and tables.
  • References are: 10-15
  • Illustrations or tables are 2

  • Commentary:

Commentaries include position papers, viewpoints, point-counterpoint papers, analyses of current or controversial issues, and creative, insightful, reflective treatments of topics related to health of children and youth aged 6-18. Between 1500-2000 words and up to 15 references can be stated. Abstract is not required for commentary.

  • Letter to the Editor:
 Two types of Letters to the Editor are welcomed in the International Journal of School Health:
  1. The letter linked to our published articles: Letters to the Editor comment on previously published articles and may be considered for publication if they report a critical issue related to past work published in the International Journal of School Health. Letters should pertain to articles published not more than 3 months prior to the submission of the letter. Authors of the paper to which the letter is directed will be provided an opportunity to respond. Both the letter, if deemed relevant, and the authors’ response will be published in the same issue.
  2. Letters of general interest, unlinked to items published in the journal: We welcome short letters with topics of interest to the IJSH readership.

Letters will undergo peer review and will be edited for clarity.

In the full text of Letter to the Editor, the maximum number of:

  • Word count: 700-1000
  • Abstract is not required for letter to the editor.
  • A maximum of three (3) authors and 10 references are allowed.
  • Neither tables nor figures are allowed.

  • Discussion: 

       Discussion, such as an opinion or perspective piece will present the views of the author on a specific topic through discussion of existing studies or logical reasoning. The discussion should follow the sections including Introduction, Arguments, and Conclusions.

  • Meeting report: 

          A meeting report is created to give information about the discussion that transpired on a particular meeting. Only invited authors are permitted to submit a meeting report for the journal.

  • Full Text:

    The basic structure of a meeting report contains:

    • Purpose of meeting
    • Summary of presented findings
    • Recommendation for future research

    Names and affiliations of key speakers should be presented in supplemental information, not as a part of text.

  • Correction:
  • A modification or correction of previously published material; this is sometimes called “errata”.
  • Correction refers to changes the author wants to introduce post-acceptance, at any time thereafter, during the publication processes or post-publication.
  • If the author determines that it is scientifically necessary, then it should be made. A Correction is then created and published in the next available issue.
  • In addition, it is linked online to the published article, and if the article is referenced, the Correction information should be included.
  • All corrections must be submitted in the journal website and will be reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief. After accepting a correction, this new article will be published in the journal. The maximum word count of a correction is 250 words.

Ethics in Publishing

Please visit our full ethics guidelines in the Publication Ethics page.

Preparation of Manuscript

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors whose native language is not English are recommended to seek the advice of a native English speaker, if possible, before submitting their manuscripts.
Submission to this journal occurs online. Manuscripts submitted via email are not processed. International Journal of School Health only considers the materials submitted in electronic form via the journal's online submission system. The editorial office reserves the rights to return manuscripts that are not in accordance with the IJSH instructions for authors. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the journal instructions, you can then submit your work via our online submission platform.

During the online submission process, authors are asked to provide:

1) Manuscript Type: please see the details from here.

2) Manuscript Title: authors need to insert the main and running title.

3) Authors' Information: please enter the name and details of all authors who contributed to the work reported in your manuscript.

4) Abstract: please see the details from here .

5) Keywords: please see the details from here.

6) Suggested Reviewers: authors can provide the names, email addresses, and mobile number of potential reviewers. Please note that the editors retain the right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are invited

7) Attach Files: authors MUST upload the following three mandatory files and forms:

  1. a) Title Page: please find details from here.
  2. b) Main Manuscript: please find details from here.
  3. c) Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form: please find details from here.
  4. d) English Edit Certificate: If the authors are non-native speakers of English, then the non-native speakers of English editing certificate must be submitted.

8) Cover Letter: Cover letter should contain the rationale of performing the research and a statement that you will not resubmit your article to another journal until the reviewing process will be completed. Also please indicate whether the authors have published or submitted any related papers from the same study. The file is available by referring to this link.

9) Finish Submission: authors need to review the submission before clicking the submit button.

All manuscripts submitted to the IJSH are checked by the editorial office for conformance to the IJSH instructions. Non-conforming manuscripts are returned to authors.  

Note: All incomplete submissions will be automatically deleted after 90 days. 

Note: All correspondence, including editor's decisions, revision requests, and etc., is sent to the lead corresponding author.

Title Page

The title page should include:

  1. Manuscript Type: please find details from here.
  2. Manuscript Title: please use initial upper case. Running title: a shorter version of the title (40 characters at most) is needed.
  3. Authors’ Information: please add the authors’ information who contributed to the work reported in your manuscript. Complete address of corresponding author, including telephone numbers, e-mail address and ORCID number.
  4. Disclaimers
  5. Source(s) of Support:  Authors are requested to clearly identify sources who provided financial support for the conduct of research and/or preparation of the manuscript. Authors have to briefly describe the role of the funder/sponsor in any part of the work including design and conduct of the study, data collection, data management, data analysis and interpretation, preparation, review and approval of the manuscript. The following rules should be followed:  

      - The sentence should begin with: ‘This work was supported by …’.

      - Grant numbers should be complete and accurate and provided in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number ABX CDXXXXXX]’

  1. Word Count
  2. Ethical Approval: Please identify the ethics committee/board that has approved the research. If the manuscript is Original Article or Short Communication. This field should be filled like this: The Ethics Review Board of ……………………, approved the present study with the following number: IR…...( ethics code is obligatory).
  3. Authors' Contribution: Authors' contribution should be stated for every manuscript submitted and should state who has contributed what to the planning, conduct, and reporting of the work described in the article. Please find more information by visiting the ICMJE recommendations. International Journal of School Health decided to publish the authors' contribution from the issue of July 2023.

  4. Acknowledgements: Any technical, general, financial, and material support or contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, can be cited at the end of the text as Acknowledgment. Also, if the research is extracted from a thesis or dissertation of a student, please write it in the acknowledgment section). Use of AI for writing assistance should be reported in the acknowledgment section.
  5. Artificial Intelligence (AI)-Assisted Technology: At submission, the authors should disclose whether they used artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted technologies (such as Large Language Models [LLMs], chatbots, or image creators) in the production of submitted work. Authors who use such technology should describe, in both the cover letter and the submitted work in the appropriate section if applicable, how they used it. For example, if AI was used for writing assistance, describe this in the acknowledgment section. If AI was used for data collection, analysis, or figure generation, authors should describe this use in the methods. Also, authors who use such technology should describe, in both the cover letter and the submitted work, how they used it. Chatbots (such as ChatGPT) should not be listed as authors because they cannot be responsible for the accuracy, integrity, and originality of the work. Authors should carefully review and edit the result because AI can generate authoritative-sounding output that can be incorrect, incomplete, or biased. Authors should not list AI and AI assisted technologies as an author or co-author, nor cite AI as an author. Authors should be able to assert that there is no plagiarism in their paper, including in text and images produced by the AI. Humans must ensure there is appropriate attribution of all quoted material, including full citations.

  You can submit your title page using the Sample Word Template provided here. 

Main Manuscript

File Format

Acceptable manuscripts' file formats include Microsoft Word. Please do not submit your manuscripts in PDF format.

Text Style

Use A4 size. Text should be left-justified. Use 12-point font size. Use preferably Times and New Romans font. Use 1.5 line spacing. Use page number. Use Initial Upper Case for Title, Headings and Subheadings, Keywords. Make the titles, headings and subheadings bold.

Main Manuscript Sections

The manuscript should follow through these sections: Abstract, Keywords, Introuction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, and References. 

- Abstract

Include a structured abstract of no more than 250 words for original articles and reviews. The abstract should state briefly and clearly the purpose and setting of the research, the principal findings and major conclusions, and the article's contribution to knowledge. Abstracts should be prepared in IJSH style including background, methods, results, and conclusions. For other manuscript types include an unstructured abstract of no more than 250 words that summarizes the objectives and background, main points and conclusions of the article. Abstracts are not required for editorial, commentary, and letters to editor. The abbreviations should preferably not be mentioned in the abstract.

- Keywords

Authors need to add up to 5 keywords separately into the online system during submission, and should accurately reflect the content of the article. Abbreviations/acronyms should be used with their expansions. The keywords will be used for indexing purposes. 

Please prepare the keywords according to the following instructions:

  • At least 3 Keywords should be existed in MeSH:
  • Contain words and phrases that suggest what the topic is about (single or phrases with no more than 3 words)
  • Use variants terms or phrases that readers are likely to use
  • If the article focuses on a particular region (geographic, climatic, etc.), use that as a keyword
  • Use specific phenomena or issues as keywords (climate change, air pollution, etc.)

Body of the manuscript

Introduction should provide a context or background and specify the purpose or research objective of the study or observation.

Methods must indicate clearly the steps taken to acquire the information. Be sure that it includes only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was written. It should be detailed (including controls, inclusion and exclusion criteria, etc) and may be separated into subsections (Selection and Description of Participants, Data Collection and Measurements, Statistics). Repeating the details of standard techniques is best avoided. The software used for statistical analysis and description of the actual method should be mentioned. Authors who used AI technology to conduct the study should describe its use in the methods section in sufficient detail to enable replication of the approach including the tool used, version, and prompts where applicable.

Note: Reporting guidelines such as STROBE, STARD, PRISMA, and SAGER (guidelines for reporting of sex and gender information in study design) would help you report high quality research and to provide all required information and evidence for related methodology. EQUATOR Network website would help you in using these guidelines.

Human Rights and Informed Consent

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an independent local, regional or national review body (e.g., ethics committee, institutional review board), and be prepared to provide documentation when requested by editors. Editors reserve the right to reject papers if there is doubt whether appropriate procedures have been used.

Results should be presented in a chronological sequence in the text, table, and illustration. Organize the results according to their importance. They should result from your own study. In the results section, please first talk about the participants, inclusion and exclusion criteria and then talk about the demographic characteristics of the participants.


  • Should be cited in numerical order upon their first mention.
  • Should be prepared left to right and cell-based (i.e., created in Word with the Tables tool).
  • Each table should have a brief and self-explanatory title.
  • Table number and caption always appear above the table. Should be editable and upright on the page, not on sideways.
  • Should be prepared with real rows and columns and not aligned with tabs, returns, or spaces.
  • Should be plain with NO colors, shading, or graphics.
  • Should not contain inserted text boxes, tables within tables or cells within cells.
  • Symbols and abbreviations should be defined immediately below the table, followed by essential brief description.
  • All tables should be inserted within the text as close as possible to where they are referenced.


  • All figures/images must be cited within the main text in numerical order.
  • All figures/images must be centered. Figure number and legend always appear below the figure.
  • Each figure should be provided on a separate sheet. They should also be as single JPEG files at 300 dpi or greater resolution.
  • Original data from which the images were prepared should be available, as the editors may request to see these data (e.g., Office, SPSS and other line art images).

Discussion should emphasize the new and important aspects of the study. Possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings should be explored. The following points should be considered in writing Discussion section:

  • Begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, and explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings.
  • Emphasize the new and important aspects of your study and put your findings in the context of the totality of the relevant evidence.
  • Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in other parts of the manuscript, such as in the Introduction or the Results section.
  • Statistical data should not be mentioned in the Discussion section.
  • The limitations of the study and the implications of the findings for future research or clinical practice should be explored at the end of Discussion section with heading.  (Explore the implications of your findings for future research and for clinical practice or policy.)

Conclusion should be written separately with no reference.

- Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data.

- Insert recommendation (if any) in the conclusion section.

Supplementary Materials such as movie clips, questionnaires, etc may be published on the online version of the journal.

Acknowledgement: Any technical help, general, financial, and material support or contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, can be cited at the end of the text as Acknowledgments. Also, if the research is extracted from a thesis or dissertation of a student, please write it in the acknowledgment section). Use of AI for writing assistance should be reported in the acknowledgment section.


References should be complied numerically according to the order of citation in the text in Vancouver style. The numbers of references should preferably not exceed 10 for commentary, 40 for Original Articles, 15 for Brief Report, 15 for Commentary and 10 for Letter to the Editor. Two references are cited with a comma and space. Three or more consecutive references are cited in a range with dashes. References should be made to published articles rather than to abstracts whenever possible. 

References should optimally be prepared with EndNote software. For the references credited to more than 6 authors please provide the name of the first six authors and represent the remaining authors by the phrase “et al.”

Listed below are sample references.

Journal Article:

• Gaydess A, Duysen E, Li Y, Gilman V, Kabanov A, Lockridge O, et al. Visualization of exogenous delivery of nanoformulated butyrylcholinesterase to the central nervous system. Chem Biol Interact. 2010;187(1):295-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cbi.2010.01.005. PubMed PMID: 20060815; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2998607.

Complete Book:

• Guyton AC. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 1996.

Chapter in Book:

• Young VR. The role of skeletal muscle in the regulation of protein metabolism. In Munro HN, editors. Mammalian protein metabolism. Vol 4. San Diego: Academic; 1970. p. 585-674.

Organization as the author

Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.

No author is given

21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.

Article not in English 

  • Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.

Article with published erratum

  • Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.

Note: Referencing AI-generated material as the primary source is not acceptable.


For the reporting of statistical analyses, please consider the following points:

  • Report descriptive statistics as N (%) for categorical and mean (SD) for continuous variables. In the case of non-normal variables report median (IQR).
  • Start with Univariate analysis before building multivariable/ multivariate models.
  • As much as possible, describe results using meaningful phrases (eg, do not say "beta" or "regression coefficient", but "mean change in Y per unit of X"). Provide 95% confidence intervals for point estimates.
  • Maintain the consistency of reporting all decimal places across the manuscript (two decimal places).
  • P values less than 0.001 should be designated as “P< 0.001” rather than exact values (eg, P=0.00006).
  • Report P values with 2 digits after the decimal. eg, 0.54.

Abbreviations and Symbols

  1. Use only standard abbreviations such as AIDS, HIV, WHO, IQ.
  2. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least 3 times in the text.
  3. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript, table, figure, and box.  
  4. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used upon first appearance in the text unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement (For further information please visit ICMJE Recommendation).  
  5. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.

How to Submit the Revision

The corresponding author should submit the revisions via the IJSH website according to the following instruction: 

Please go to your profile (Author section)--"Submissions Needing Revision" section--Click on your manuscript ID--Upload the correct version and delete any old versions (you can change all information eg, title, abstract, etc.)--and push the "submit" button. 

Please Do NOT start a New Submission and Do NOT send the revisions via email. 


The journal team will provide the proof to authors via email and the corresponding author is responsible to check the PDF proof for accuracy and respond to author queries, and return an annotated PDF to the journal office in a timely manner. Adobe Acrobat Reader or Foxit Reader software, which are freely available, are needed to open the PDF file. 

It is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in a single email. Please note that rephrasing sentences, additions, or omissions are not allowed at the proof stage. Not meeting the deadline for checking the PDF proof could lead to significant delays in the publication. Please note that no further edits/corrections are accepted after publication and authors MUST check the PDF proof very carefully.

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