Background: One of the main challenges for parents during puberty is to tackle emotional problems in their teenagers, which may threaten their current and future health and affect the quality of parent-child relationships. Integrated parental self-awareness was assessed on the emotional regulation patterns of adolescents aged 13 to 15 years. This study was conducted to investigate the predictive role of parental awareness and self-awareness in emotion regulation patterns of 13 to 15 year olds.
Methods: The research design was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population was 13 to 15-year-old adolescents of Parsian city and their mothers, 140 of whom were selected using appropriate random sampling method in years 2019-2020. The data were collected utilizing the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), the Mind/Conscious Mind Scale (MMS) and the Integrated Self-Knowledge Scale (ISK). Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were employed to analyze the data.
Results: The obtained results revealed a significant inverse relationship between integrated self-cognition and cognitive repression (P<0.002, r=0.46) and mindfulness with cognitive repression (P≤0.004, r=-0.32). There was a direct and significant relationship between knowledge with cognitive reassessment assessment (P≤0.001, r=0.45) and integrated self-knowledge with cognitive reassessment (P≤0.004, r=0.37) at a confidence level of 0.95. Moreover, the results of linear regression to predict emotion regulation patterns in adolescents showed that the coherent variable of self-awareness with a coefficient of explanation of 0.43 and the variable of consciousness with a coefficient of explanation of 0.35 could predict cognitive emotion.
Conclusions: Parents, family, and child counselors could make use of parental awareness and self-knowledge education and increase the mental health components of mothers as a way to prevent and reduce adolescents’ emotional problems.