Document Type : Research Article (s)


1 PhD Student of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Emergency Medical Sciences, Faculty of Paramedical, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

4 PhD Student of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


Background: Due to the formation of identity in adolescence and the importance of this subject in this period and also many factors playing an important role in this field, this study aims to identify ways to enhance identification in high school students.
Methods: This is a qualitative study conducted by Delphi method. Twenty-five psychologists and sociologists in the field of education were selected to participate in the study. Experts received 5 full-fledged questions about the ways to enhance identity in high school students. After receiving the forms, experts’ opinions were categorized and semi-structured, then, in a four-step Delphi, a consensus was reached among the experts in this field. The Kendall Coordinating Coefficient was used to examine the agreement between the experts and Friedman’s test to rank each of the enhancements of adolescents’ identification factors.
Results: Findings showed that among the proposed methods by the experts, 13 factors were agreed upon by the experts. The highest rank is to increase self-esteem and the lowest rank is preserving cultural values.
Conclusion: According to the results, holding educational courses for parents and students, equipping and enriching schools, and taking into account extracurricular activities to facilitate easy identification of the students is recommended.