Background: Modern technologies play a main role in the life of citizens specifically their legalism in the new era. In Iran, the rules on the use of modern communication technologies are not clear. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the use of modern communication technologies and legalism among female students in Yazd.
Methods: The present study was conducted by the survey technique. The tool used in this study was researcher-made questionnaire which examined the use of internet, computer software, cellphone, and social media as modern technologies and legalism with cognitive, emotional, and behavioral dimensions. The statistical population included female students in Yazd. By using Chochran sampling method, 365 samples were obtained and the research samples were chosen using multistage sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS V22 software and statistical T tests. It was considered significantly at the level of P < 0.05.
Results: The research findings showed that there was a significant relationship between the use of modern communication technologies and legalism in terms of all aspects (cognitive, emotional, and behavioral) (P < 0.01). While the use of the Internet and computer software did not have any significant relationship with legalism, the use of cellphone and social media had a significant relationship with all dimensions of legalism (P < 0.01) except for cognitive dimension in social media.
Conclusions: Based on these findings, the use of cellphone and social media determines legalism of female students. Therefore, policy makers should put an emphasis on the legislation about using these two main information technologies for the young generation. In addition, families, the media, and schools should promote the socialization of students about the use of cellphone and social media as a strategic approach.