Document Type : Research Article (s)
1 MSc Student in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, IR Iran
2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, IR Iran
Background: Well-being is an important indicator of overall health during adolescents and later life.
Objectives: The present study aimed at investigating the relationship between resiliency protective factors and demographics due to the mediating role of emotional stability on general well-being of adolescents.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, 331 students were selected by stratified random sampling from high schools of Firozabad from February 2015 to December 2015. Data were collected using the Adolescent General Well-Being Questionnaire, Resilience Protective Factor Inventory, and Emotional Stability Scale, and analyzed applying structural equation modeling using the LISREL 8.80 software.
Results: The indices of model fitness showed good fitness (X 2: 11.04, df: 4, P = 0.90; RMSEA: 0.06; GFI: 0.91; AGFI: 0.91; NFI: 0.90; CFI: 0.93; and IFI: 1). Resiliency protective factors and demographics had direct effects on general well-being (0.65, P < 0.01; -0.17, P < 0.01). In addition, resiliency protective factors (0.68, P < 0.001) and demographics (-0.20, P < 0.01) had a direct effect on emotional stability. In this model, resiliency protective factors and demographics indirectly effect general well-being via the mediation of emotional stability (0.76, P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The assumed theoretical model was fitted to the data and resiliency protective factors. Demographics and emotional stability were significant determinants in predicting general well-being of adolescents, which must be considered when developing programs to improve the well-being of adolescents.